Part II: The Civil War (1853 - 1865)

No more slave states were admitted after Texas. Minnesota became a free state in 1858, and Oregon a free state in 1859.

In the 1850's the 1. _________ between slave and free turned to the territories. By 1860 each territory was allowed to make the choice.

The Kansas territory became the most contested. But slavery was inappropriate for small farms, and Kansas was admitted as a free state in 1861.

The south now saw its cause collapsing. Slavery, relentlessly expanding since 1800, could not be 2. _________. It had made the south the leading 3____________ exporter of the world, and the richest area of the nation. This expansion could continue to the Caribbean or to Mexico; but only if the south became a sovereign nation.

In late 1860 South Carolina 4.___________ from the Union. Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Lousiana, and Texas quickly followed, forming the 5.___________ in early 1861. The Union disallowed this, and preparations for war began.

The border slave states had to choose 6.________. Missouri, Kentucky, Maryland, and Delaware stayed with the Union. Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina joined the Rebellion. Northwest Virginia sided with the Union and was admitted as the state of 7.__________ Virginia in 1863.

In Virginia an intense war began between Richmond, the 8._____________ of the Confederacy, and Washington, DC. But the decisive war was fought in the west, where the Mississippi River was controlled by Union forces by 1863, thus 9.__________ the Confederacy in two.

Union troops cut through the remaining old south in 1864 with a 10.__________ to the sea, burning Atlanta along the way. Meanwhile Grant finally drove Lee out of Richmond. The south 11. ___________ at Appomattox on April 9, 1865. Six days later President Abraham Lincoln was 12.__________________.

Within five years all the confederate states had been readmitted to the 13.________.

Part III: Post Civil War (1865 - 1959)

During the war years, the western territories were reorganized.

Nevada became a state in 1864. Nebraska was admitted in 1867. In the same year, Alaska was purchased from 14.__________. Colorado became a state in 1876.

The 15.____________ American nations in the west resisted the occupation of their lands, but the U.S. Army, buffed up by the Civil War, defeated them after many 16.___________. By the 1880¹s, most native Americans were confined to tribal 17.__________. In 1889, North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana, and Washington were admitted.

In 1890, Idaho and Wyoming were admitted. The Mormon settlement became the state of 18.__________ in 1896.

Railroads interconnected the continent. The population expanded and the economy 19.________, such that by the early 20th century the United States was the leading 20.__________ power of the world.

In 1898, America defeated Spain in her shortest declared war. The U.S. obtained Cuba and Puerto Rico in the Caribbean, and 21.__________ and the Philippines in the far east. Cuba was given her independence in 1902, and the Philippines in 1946.

In 1898, the Hawaiian Islands in the 22.__________ were annexed.

Oklahoma was admitted as a state in 1907, including the Indian territory. In 1912, New Mexico and Arizona were admitted, completing the 48 contiguous states.

In 1959, Alaska and Hawaii were admitted, completing the growth of the nation with 23. __________ states.