http://members.aol.com/nonverbal2/tone.htm tone of voice
Syllables vs. Mora From last week 11/1
1. Syllable structure
open syllables: (C)V only closed syllables: (C) V C
ENGLISH syllable structure : (C)(C)(C)V (C)(C)(C)
Syllable internal structure : onset (C) rhyme V (C)
JAPANESE syllable structure : Strong mora (weak mora) = (C)V (W)
This reflects Japanese mora structure :
- (strong mora) (C)V
- (weak mora) [:] or [n] or [Q]
Syllable internal structure : head (C) V coda (C)
heavy syllable = has two moras light syllable = has only one mora
2. Syllable (mora) timing vs. stress timing
Syllable or mora timing: each syllable (or mora) takes about the same time when pronounced
Question: In Japanese: do /shinbun/ and /furikake/ take the same amount of time?
Stress timing: some syllables are more "important" than others; that is, they are stressed and others are unstressed, and the beat falls on the stressed syllables. English, German, Dutch
Timing carries over into English : Hawaiian English, Japanese English, Chinese English, Spanish English are syllable-timed.
3. Syllable structure and timing are connected:
Languages with more complex syllables usually have stress timing.