Do you know?
1. What races are most common in the US? Are they increasing or decreasing in relative size?
2. What religions are most common in the US?
3. What are some sacred (religious) holidays?
4. What are some non-religious (secular) holidays?
5. What are some ethnic holidays?
6. What is the official language in the US?
7. What are some differences between British and US English?
8. What are some US English dialects?
Most people in the United States are Christian. “WASP” = White, Anglo-Saxon, Protestant
There are many kinds of Christians: Catholic 26.2% Protestant(Baptist 19.4%, Methodist 8.0%, Lutheran 5.2%, Presbyterian 2.8%)
Churches of Christ 1.0%
Jehovah's Witnesses 0.8%
Public Holidays (Christian)
Some public holidays are Christian holidays:
Christmas – birth of Christ (Dec. 25)
Christmas Trees，Christmas Lights, Christmas Stocking, Santa Claus, Nativity Scenes, Plays
Easter – death and resurrection of Christ (Sunday April 24 in 2011)
Easter Bunny, Easter Egg Hunt, Easter Baskets
Easter Service, Good Friday
Public Holidays (civic)
Other holidays are not connected with religion. They are often patriotic or civic. For example,
Martin Luther King day
Other Ethnic and Religious Holidays
Kwanzaa (Black American)
Other holidays are just for fun; for example:
There is NO national language in the US!
176 languages are SPOKEN.
56 languages are DEAD.
Most were native American languages.
Hawaii: English and Hawaiian
New Mexico: Spanish
British vs. US English
"The Americans are identical to the British in all respects except, of course, language."Oscar Wilde
"We (the British and Americans) are two countries separated by a common language."G.B. Shaw
barn US /barn/ GB /ba:n/ tune US /tun/ GB /tyun/ laugh US /laef/GB (closer to ア） hot US (closer to ア） GB (closer to オ） often US /afen/ GB /often/
privacy US pry-vacy GB priv-acy
schedule US skedule GB shedule
Spelling and writing differences
July 8, 1960 08 July 1960
center, theater centre, theatre
defense, license defence, licence
all right alright
(G.B.) Have you got your grade in history yet?(U.S.) Have you gotten your grade in history yet?
(G.B.) He went on a course.
(U.S.) He was in a course.
(G.B.) He's in hospital with a broken leg.(U.S.) He's in the hospital with a broken leg.
(G.B.) JAL have a flight to London today.
(U.S.) JAL has a flight to London today.
American English Dialects
AAVE or Black English